Cooking with Hash and Kief 

By  Cheri Sicard

Cooking hash and kief opens up a whole new world of recipes that can be converted to cannabis cooking.  

A lot of these recipes contain far less fat than ones that depend on butter or oil to carry the medication, an important consideration for those trying to curb calories or limit fats. Of course cannabis metabolizes better with some fat, but when you cook with hash and kief, you eliminate the need to add extra oil or butter to achieve a proper dose.

When cooking for my own use, as opposed to developing recipes for others, I almost always use decarboxylated dry ice kief.  I find that its milder flavor flavor naturally blends in better with more foods than the herbal undertones contained in marijuana infused butter and oil.

Before we go further, let's define the terms so everyone is on the same page:

  • Kief is a powdery substance composed of the resinous glands or trichomes on the marijuana plant.  The powder can range from somewhat sticky to gummy depending on the plant and strain.
  • Hash is kief that has been heated and pressed.  Hash can range from gold to dark green or brown in color and from a dry, crumbly, powdery texture all the way to a sticky putty-like substance, and all points in between.

Hash and kief are known as cannabis concentrates because they contain the part of the plant that contains the cannabinoids (THC, CBD, etc.), without much of anything else.  In practical terms, this means far less herbal flavor in the finished food.  

The potency of a given concentrate, of course, depends on the quality of the plant that dedicated its glands to making it.

Hash and kief can be used interchangeably in recipes.  Specific dosing ranges for cooking with kief and hash can be found in this article.

Mixing Kief for Perfect Effects

A reader asked a good question about using kief in cooking as she needed a 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD.  I let her know that if she made her kief from a plant with that cannabinoid ratio she would be good to go.  Otherwise, she could mix kief from a high CBD strain and a high THC strain to get similar results.  Make sense?

For Exceptional Cannabis Cooking Try Dry Ice Kief

Making Dry Ice Kief: Add dry ice and marijuana to the bubble bag and shake, shake shake! 

Dry ice kief is the easiest concentrate for home cooks to make.  It's also one of the easiest concentrates to cook with.  Click here for detailed instructions on how to make dry ice kief along with a quick video that shows just how fast and simple it is.

How to Cook with Hash and Kief

For maximum potency, it is important to decarboxylate kief and hash before cooking with it.

 Learn about decarboxylation, why you need it, and how to do it at this link.

As we discussed earlier, kief and hash can range from dry and crumbly to sticky and gummy.  Many smokers prefer the latter, but for cooking purposes, the dry, crumbly, powdery stuff is often easiest to work with because it is easy to grind which then allows you to stir the fine powder into all kinds of foods, something impossible to do with the gummy type of hash.  If you plan on dissolving the hash in a hot liquid, however, either type will work fine. Learn more about dealing with the various consistencies of hash and kief at this link.

Like any cannabis edible, your hash or kief infused food needs some fat, or alcohol, to help it metabolize effectively.  If you do want to add hash or kief to a fat free food, be sure to accompany the food with another dish that does contain some fat, or wash it down a glass of milk, or coffee or tea with cream, or some other fat containing beverage in order to achieve a maximum effect.

The other consideration when cooking with any kind of cannabis is temperature.  Remember, THC evaporates at temperatures greater than 392 degrees F. You can cook at temperatures higher than that, as long as the temperature of the food itself doesn't get that high.

The Importance of Decarboxylation when Cooking with Hash and Kief

Dry Ice Kief after decarboxylation

You will need to heat or decarboxylate your kief before using in recipes that don't call for cooking, as the heat activates the raw plant's THC-A (or acid) and turns it into THC.  Even if you plan on using hash or kief in a recipe that will be cooked, decarbing it first can up its potency and I highly recommend taking this extra step.  I do this with hash too. Learn about decarboxylation, why you need it, and how to do it at this link.

Why You Should Decarboxylate Kief or Hash Even If You Plan to Cook or Bake With It

A friend lab tested a batch of brownies that had plain kief stirred into the batter as opposed to kief that had been first decarboxylated.  He found the latter to be about 30% more potent.  It's easy to do, just put your kief or hash in an oven proof dish and heat for about 60 minutes at 240 degrees F.  Remove from oven, cool and you are ready to use for cooking.

Recipes Using Hash and Kief

Marijuana Recipes - Chocolate Covered Strawberries made using kief or hash

Browse through our marijuana recipe archives and discover lots of terrific recipes using kief and hash, along with other that infuse the dish with marijuana butter, cannabis oil, and in some cases, even actual ground bud.

marijuana kief and hash

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      • Thank you Ann and Cheri! That is exactly the question and answer I’ve been looking for. I’ve come across several strains that I simply cannot inhale due to major irritation. Hate to throw money away, figured there HAD to be another way to use the concentrate left in all the cartridges.

  • My coconut oil and kief always seem to separate when the oil settled. I make sure to do 10-15 minutes of heating and mixing with the oil.
    Any suggestions on how to prevent the separation?

    Thank you.

    • I have not encountered this but then I do not infuse batches of oil with kief. I find it best to decarb the kief, then just stir into recipes as needed when preparing them (as opposed to infusing oil and then using the infused oil in the recipe). This is easier and far less muss and fuss.

      I can speculate that maybe what you are seeing is small plant matter particulates that are settling, because in theory the heat should have emulsified the oils together. If this is the case you could use a fine strainer, or just give it a stir and cook with it all. If I were to infuse oil, I would infuse with buds or trim using the method at this page

    • the oil has the THC … the Trichomes u see on the bottom separated is an illusion .. those are empty … no worries .. use a filter and remove them if u want ……

  • I make lozenges using kief, which are brought up to 300 degrees over the course of 40 minutes to make into candy. Not fat or alcohol used, only sugar and corn syrup. Curious about making simple syrup for sodas the same way. Amy thoughts about temp/time needed to decarb kief in a recipe itself so I can avoid a decarb step? Wondering if boiling in a simple syrup (so around 220 degrees) for 5-10 minutes would do it

    • Yes it would work to just decarb during the cooking, but when we lab testing back to back edibles, those made with kief that had been decarbed first has about a 30% higher potency than those made with kief that only decarbed during the cooking process. That’s why I always recommend taking the extra step to decarb BEFORE cooking, even if it will be debarbed during as well.

  • i only have 20mg of kief and i am looking for some suggestions to utilize it.
    recipes online uses at least couple ounces of weed and it is very hard to find ways to cook with only 20mg although it is kief, which i believe is stronger than weed.
    Could you please give me recommations on how i can use these 20mg of kief?
    *no oven recipe will be highly appreciated..
    thank you.

      • thank you very much for your reply!
        it seems to me that in order to decarboxylate, i would have to use an oven though ;(
        would there be an alternative way to decarboxylate without using an oven?
        also, i heard that microwaving kief (for 30 sec, 10 seconds interval) with melted butter could work for small amount of kief. how do u think?
        I only have 20mg kief, frying pan, & microwave. theres no way i could get some more kief or use an oven. it sucks that my source are very limited, but i wish to get the most of it, hopefully with your help. lastly, if i share that 20mg with another person, would it be to little?
        i am asking lots of questions at once, but its hard to find such an informative blog like yours.. please help!

        • The microwave could work yes, but it is less reliable than an oven and you take the chance of over heating that way. Be careful and stop and stir every 10 or 15 seconds or so. But if that is all you have to work with, give it a try. Good luck!

          • I am having a hard time finding recipes using hash as opposed to cannabutter. Can I add the hash (it is already decarb) to any recipe or do I need to turn it into a butter or oil in order to use it?

          • There are a fair amount of recipes on this site that use hash and also in my first cannabis cooki=book The Cannabis Gourmet Cookbook ( ).

            You can make butter or oil first but it is not necessary you can just stir decarbed hash into your recipes.

    • Hi Tom, I don’t see an advantage to freezing kief as kief is already pretty solid. Also, Unless your kief is full melt, and most is not, dabbing may not be the best way to go. I like using kief in cooking or sprinkling it on joints.

  • Thanks for this information!

    Have you ever noticed oils to go rancid once infused?

    I’d like to know roughly his long coconut oil might last after it’s been heated, and then stored just below room temp.


    • Oils go rancid whether infused or not and exposure to light and heat can increase this. You are likely safe for 2 to 3 months at least. Store for 6 months or more int he freezer, then just remove the amounts you need when you need it. BUT be cautious that you have removed ALL the moisture after infusing. I have had coconut oil grow mold, even in the fridge, as I did not get ALL the water out.

  • Hi Cheri, I’d like to make cold beverages using decarbed hash. Should I infuse it in heated water first before making the beverages, then mix the flavor in? I’m thinking of punch/lemonade, alcohol free.

  • Hey Cheri, in the article you said decarbonating the kief is for recipes that don’t call for cooking. But then you said it was ready for cooking. I just want to be sure if I decarbonate the kief, let it cool, then stir it into my brownie recipe, and then cook it again for 350 for about 33 minutes that it will turn out okay.

    • Thank you for pointing that out. I will go in and rewrite to avoid confusion. You DEFINITELY want to decarb if the hash will not be cooked. If you are using hash in a cooked dish, the process of cooking can decarb it, HOWEVER, for maximum potency I recommend decarbing first in either instance. A medical marijuana provider friend of mine in WA state did an experiment by making 2 pans of brownies. In one he used kief that had not been decarbed, in the other kief that had been decarbed. Even though the process of baking the brownies will debarb some of the THC, he found the pan of brownies made with the kief that had been decarbed, lab tested about 30% higher than the other. SO my motto is decarb first in either instance.

  • should i still decarboxylate hash? Like a pressed half ounce? or has it already been decarboxylated if its pressed?

    • Pressed hash has been decarbed to some degree, but for maximum extraction, I would still recommend decarbing first before cooking with it, and especially if it will not be heated. But even f it will be heated, you will get more from it by decarbing first.

  • Just to be clear you can decarb your dry ice hash/kief and then mix it into dishes that don’t need cooking? I just made awesome tempered almond chocolates with 3 grams of kief, seems potent so far. With my honeys and maple syrup seems like it would be better not to heat them for so long if the hash is already decarbed. I have had problems using plant materials and getting mold so I turned all the trim we had into CO2 hash! We have over 200 grams so I can cook with it. It’s also super potent in my vaporizer.

    • Lucky you! 🙂

      For max potency, I would decarb either way, whether it will be heated during cooking or not. You will be able to make lots of great medicated foods with that.

      • Oh yes I always decarb it first, I put mine on parchment paper then cover with another piece of parchment 240degrees for 30mins, based on test results I read about! ????

        I just wanted to make sure in uncooked dishes that it would still be potent. Like mixing into honey without any heat? Or Maple syrup? Also my chocolate I mixed it into was luke warm maybe 80-85 degrees.

        I also made some amazing coconut/vanilla oil for eating or rubbing on for sore muscles. It worked wonders on my husbands psoriasis!

        • In this article you mention to decarb for 20 minutes, but in others it says to do so for at least 60 minutes.

          Just a tad confused, thanks so much

          • Thank you for letting me know and let me update the article. In the early days, I did recommend a shorter decarb, but then I was privy to some lab tests that showed a better way, so I now say 60 minutes.

  • Yippy!!! I am new to it but CO2 Hash/Kief is the best thing ever. It took a few hours to process all the shake but I had a lot. I actually used finer micro first 70 micron (high quality), then 90 micron (2nd grade), I stopped there but maybe should have done 120 for cooking purposes. The trim was a bit on the drier side and was blended in a blender first. If you can imagine I had family growing organic medicine then throwing away the trim for five years before I stopped them!

    I tried making honey as well but heated it for 2hrs in crockpot with the hash then did a light strain, some material left, hoping for no mold or crystallizing. Thinking about no heat next time?

    I have used sugar shake or flower for years and you can really taste it/smell it, frankly I didn’t like that. Now all my goodies so far have a pro taste!

    Years ago I thought bubble hash (water method) was too complicated

  • Hello from England. Thanks for your article. I’m completely new to this, and found this very helpful. I’ve been given some solid hash but as I don’t smoke, eating is obviously the way forward. To avoid any smell in my house (we have teenage children) could i bake it in a sealed oven bag? If yes, would this affect times and temps? Thanks for your help.

    • While hash and kief will give off some odor while decarboxylating, it is not nearly as bad as infusing butter or oil with plant material. I have not tried baking in an oven bag, but I don’t see why it wouldn’t work and I don’t think the bag would effect anything. Another odorless method would be sous vide (boil in bag).

  • Thanks for that. Ended up going round a friend’s house 🙂 I had a small 6g block of pressed hash which i decarbed. Just out of interest, should you leave it whole or is there any benefit to breaking it up into smaller pieces as i did?
    I then stirred it into 150 ml of coconut oil, then mixed with 170g of oats and 50g dessicated coconut and baked. Tasted brilliant but not much of a buzz even if I eat 40g of the flapjack. Think i need to get your book 😉 Great website and thanks.

  • I agree with decarb first, I had a gentleman make a really good explanation on temps with cooking. Made sense…the easy comparison is….if you cook a steak at say 350-400 degrees, the internal temp never reaches that temp. Because of the amount of cookies I make, I loved that explanation as I bake at 350 for ten minutes.

    • Like everything else associated with cannabis dosing, there is no single one answer to that question. I know that’s not what people want to hear, and I know this topic can be confusing and frustrating, but that is the truth (and I am always straight with you guys).

      It depends on the strength of the kief and the tolerance of the person consuming it. Everyone responds drastically differently to cannabis, especially edible cannabis. While 10 mgs THC (the maximum per serving dose allowed in commercial edibles in many states) will be too much for some people, 100 mgs will not be enough for others. If you look at recipes for kief they recommend anywhere from 1/16 of a gram up to a gram (although in most cases that will be way too strong). This why I ever dosing extensively in my online cooking course and even a dosage calculator tool in my free online dosing class (find both at ). Dosing is also covered extensively in my new book The Easy Cannabis Cookbook ( and in less detail on this website (but the basics are also here) in the Marijuana Cooking Tutorials section under the Cooking Basics tab.

      • hello cheri if i wanted to just make kief into hash
        just to smoke pure hash with out any smell of the weed or taste of weed
        should i decarboxilize

        • Those statements have nothing to do with the other. First off hash does have smell and taste, that’s one of the reasons we love it, so not sure where you are getting that. Hash is made from kief that has been pressed, so decarbing happens in the process. If you are going to smoke it, you don’t need to decarb, but for cooking you would. Hope this helps.

  • Does anyone know the measurements for kief in volume? For example a teaspoon that is packed down a reasonable amount

    • Different strains will produce different weights, just as some buds are fluffy and others are dense. Last time I checked what I was using came in at about 2 grams for tsp, but again, this can be quite different with another type. A scale is important, esp with concentrates as small differences can mean big dosing changes.

  • Hey Cheri!

    I did the dry ice bubble bag method and now i got a ton of kief and am trying to decide what to do with it! This site has been amazing! so ya first off thanks for existing 🙂

    I tend to overthink things, so this will be long and might have some stupid questions.

    Question I have is about using kief in recipes and how it relates to emulsification and metabolism.

    In this post you mention that either alcohol or a fat must be present for our bodies to metabolise the thc etc

    I am planning to make gummies for my first venture. I do not want to use jello and would like to use my own flavour concentrates(used in candy making or e-liquid for vapes)

    the recipe I’m gonna test out looks something like this (adopted from something i found online):

    -1 cup water
    -3 g of kief
    -3 tablespoon unflavored gelatin
    -1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice(may not use this? don’t know why it’s in the recipe i found)
    -concentrated flavouring (propelyne glycol based) (I will also be sweetening with this)
    -food colouring

    So, from this, I don’t believe that there is any fat that will be in this recipe.

    Would the kief evenly be distributed in this recipe without a carrier?
    Would the body metabolise the kief in these gummies?

    I notice almost all the gummy recipes i see using kief don’t have fat BUT most of them include vegetable glycerin. It is my understanding there is no fat in VG either..

    so should i add some avocado oil to the mix? will adding some VG be okay?

    So ya, any input you have on this situation or recipe would be highly appreciated.

    Thank you very much in advance for any help you can offer.

    • I do not like gummies for this reason (I do not find them to be effective) and also I have yet to find a recipe that is anywhere near as good as commercial ones or that hold up at room temperature. I know a lot of people love them, but I am not a fan and likewise I have no recipes for them as I have yet to come up with one I like.

      Yes, people make gummies and all linds of fat free foods. My best advice is to eat or drink them with something that contains fat. I also would never want to be ingesting propolyne glycol. Yuck. I don’t even know what that would do there. And yes some people add oil but all this does is make oily greasy gummies IMO.

      I am not much help here I know, but I am simply not a big believer in gummies for cannabis. I know they are portable and convenient, but who cares if they don’t work well? And in my opinion they are probably one of the least effective edibles out there, despite their popularity.

      • Thank you for the reply Cheri!

        As an update, I never saw your comment before giving it a go, but ya.

        First batch I ended up making I decided to use a 1/3 cup avocado oil to the recipe. While overall I’d say they worked well, they oil floated to the top during the hardening process. They certainly did the trick.

        Then I did it a second time. This time I upped the kief from 2g to 3.25 g and reduced the amount of oil from 1/3 cup to a tbsp. and added the tbsp of lemon juice which i didn’t in the first.

        This try went alot worse. kief didn’t seem to emulsify at all. I still have gummies with kief, but all the kief floated to the top during hardening. I’ll probably keep trying as I’m extremely stubborn and gummies have always been my favorite, but like you said, everything I’ve found online seems to be very amateur, no commercial type recipe or results in sight. Most recipes that seem to have good results are using concentrates rather than kief. I assume that the kief only emulsified the first time because of the amount of oil and the oil didn’t emulsify into the other ingredients either way.

        What is your favorite thing to do with kief? I have too much kief and no solid plans of what to do with it. (does kief go bad?)

        I’ll probably make oil or something or just turn it all into hash?

        Finally based on 2g of kief making 45 gummies ish the first time, how strong would you say each gummy was?

        Sorry for the second long post 🙁

  • Hello Cheri!
    I recently made a batch of hash butter using about 16 grams average quality bubble hash to 250 g of butter with the 1 cup butter to 3 cups water method which I simmered for 3 hours. Not only were the brownies extremely strong (I used the whole batch of hash butter to make 32 brownies, I know it’s a lot but it was my first time making hash butter), but the taste of hash was so strong it made it almost unbearable to eat them.
    • Do you have any tips on making clean-tasting butter without compromising on the potency?

    I plan on making another batch of butter using half of the hash I previously used (so 8 grams/250 g butter).
    • I’ve been reading about refining/washing cannabutter in order to get a cleaner result by melting it into boiling water and refrigerating it again, do you think this would work for hash butter as well? My last batch was very creamy already so I wouldn’t want to turn it into a liquid mess!

    • Lastly, what flavour combinations would you recommend in order to mask the hash taste as much as possible? I find that hash butter has a much deeper earthy/muddy flavour than cannabis butter and I’m having trouble finding sweet ingredients to pair well with it. I was thinking about making salted caramel with half of the hash butter but I’m worried about measuring and using it into equal doses afterwards; also considering trying your minty brownies with the other half!
    Any suggestions would be super helpful and appreciated, thank you!

  • If I made Kiel with dry ice and used. 120 micron bag, how much kief should I weigh out to bake 10 cookies at approximately a 10mg per cookie strength????????

  • Thanks for your dedication to one of Nature’s finest gifts Cheri!

    For years I have poured a gallon of vegetable oil into a crock pot and crumbled up whatever finger hash I have as finely as possible and let it simmer on low for 4-8 hours. I let it cool and pour it back in the bottle and keep it refrigerated. Then just shake well before use and it lasts about 3 months if for some reason I don’t use it all by then 🙂

    Long story short, I decarboxolated before hand for the first time tonight so I’m excited to see the difference. I probably used about 7g of the finest finger hash in 1 gallon of vegetable oil. I’ll get back to you if I notice a difference in potency or not. Thanks again!

  • Dissolve the kief in a little everclear first. The everclear will evaporate in the heated liquid and the dissolved kief will distribute evenly

  • The hash that comes from CT dispensaries are little bricks and when I decarb them they dissolve! I did 240 degrees for 30 minutes. Is that too long? CT growers haven’t offered kief in months. Kief is easier to work with , I like putting it in half and half.

  • Hi, Cheri,
    Help needed. I filled 2 roasting dishes with dried cannabis trim. Then put in my fan oven for about 25 mins on about 130 degrees centigrade to decarb it. I then infused with coconut oil in a slow cooker. The problem is now when I use my oven to cook foods like roast chicken/ roast veg I end up with a unwanted high. No a nice high lots of anxiety and paranoia! What can I do? I don’t want to use my oven ever again. It’s been 2 weeks now and still happening. Has anyone else experienced this? Please help.

    • You are getting high from other foods that have been cooked in the same oven but do not have cannabis in them? No, I have not heard of that and it makes zero sense to me. I do not see how that would possibly affect anything.

  • hi Cheri, looking to use up some old soap bar and wanted to make some gummies or something similar , whats the best way to get it into the mix? newbie here!

    • Good question. There is no ratio as it will depend on the strength of the flower and the kief. THC ranges in flowers are usually (I say usually cause they can go lower and in rare cases higher) 10-25%. Kief THC ranges are usually (I say usually cause they can go lower and in rare cases higher) 30-40%. Take my free dosing class or get my dosage calculator (that does the math for you), both have a lesson in how to estimate THC percentages. Find them at

  • Hi,
    Thanks for sharing SO much. There is something I’ve been trying to decide in my medicine making. Currently I make infused oil and put it in gel caps. Lately I’ve been thinking of using dry ice to make kief and make my medicine that way. You said something that makes me wonder if that would work for me…”Hash and kief are known as cannabis concentrates because they contain the part of the plant that contains the THC, without much of anything else”. Since I need a 1:1 ratio of cbd:thc am I understanding correctly that using kief would not work for me? Thanks for any help clarifying this for me!

    • there is no one ratio but the THC percentage in kief will depend on the strength of the flower that made it.

THC ranges in flowers are usually (I say usually cause they can go lower and in rare cases higher) 10-25%.

      THC ranges in kief are usually (I say usually cause they can go lower and in rare cases higher) 25 – 40%.

      You will need to determine where the material you are using falls in that range. The best way to get an instant read on potency is to smoke or vape a little.

      Estimating THC percentage in both flowers and trim takes a little practice, but you will get better at and learn each time you do it.

      Take my free dosing class or get my dosage calculators (that do all the math for you). Both have lessons in how to estimate THC percentages. Find them at

  • Hi Cheri,
    I love cold brewed green tea which is no heat required. I have a lot of kief leftover. Is there a way or recipe I can infuse my green tea with kief? Any suggestions would help if there’s more than one way to do this.

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